Necropolis of Vadabillo

The tomb found during the excavations carried out between 1993 and 1997 in S. Agata sui due Golfi, municipality of Massa Lubrense, consists of a coffin made in local grey tufa, closed with a tufa slab. 

The funerary equipment was arranged around and inside the coffin, at the sides of the supine deceased. The burial shown in the photograph has been reconstructed in a room in the museum just as found during the excavations. It has a very rich equipment of vases and jewellery (78 pieces). The vases are in bronze, terracotta and bucchero, some manufactured locally, others imported, they are in different shapes, according to value, style or use. Amongst the imported vases, some Etruscan, Corinthian and Ionic cups were found. 

The personal jewels worn by the dead ore mostly bronze  and iron fibulas and remains of amber and vitreous paste necklaces. The bronze objects found inside the coffin, amongst which there was a grater, are very valuable. The objects making up the funerary equipment give an idea of the social and financial standing of the natives and their cultural relations with the Etruscan world. By comparing this necropolis with others located in the Campania region, its age can be placed round the middle of the 6th century b.C.

 Attic amphora with black figures 

The amphora is part of the funerary equipment of a tufa tomb belonging to the necropolis of S.Agata sui due Golfi, municipality of Massa Lubrense, found in 1995. On the two sides of the vase are scenes painted in black-figures technique. 

Both pictures refer to Dionysian cycle: one shows the god Dionysus between two mantled female figures, the other, as seen in the photograph, shows a satyr between two female figures, the maenads, caught during the ritual dance. The myth of Dionysus, god of wine, is very frequent in the attic artistic production: it is connected to the symposium and shows pictures of the god together with the characters of the Dionysio, satyrs and maenads. 

The scenes on the amphora show the two moments of the ritual, the first in which the women, maenads priestess, guided by the god, start to mix wine and water, and the last, the moment of the dance following the symposium, with the drunken naked satyr opposed to the draped maenades. Probably made by the painter of Haimon round the middle of the 5th century b.C

These exibits are in the Archeological Museum Georges Vallet in Piano di Sorrento.